The author’s description of a parent’s homeschooling role mentions the importance of parents

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Homeschooling

American parents today are faced with a stark choice. The country’s public schools are becoming more crowded, more violent, and less effective in preparing children for employment or college. Private schools may be too expensive or unavailable. To ensure that their children receive an adequate education, an increasing number of parents are simply teaching their children at home. While homeschooling offers many benefits to both child and parent, its three most important advantages are its flexibility of curriculum, its adaptability to different learning styles and speeds, and its more positive, supportive social environment.

If, for example, the child is interested in dinosaurs, that subject could be used to teach scientific concepts in geology, biology, or even history. Moreover, in the home environment, there is plenty of room for spontaneous discussion, field trips, and other learning experiences that classroom logistics make difficult, expensive, or challenging. Homeschooling puts the child’s natural curiosity to use, limited only by the imaginations of the child and parent.

Children can move through the material at a rate that challenges them positively. In the conventional classroom, most lessons are aimed at the middle level of ability. Thus, some students are rushed along much faster than is optimal, or faster than necessary for satisfactory results, while others yawn or find distractions because the pace is too slow. Nor can a teacher pay much attention to any single student in a classroom of 30 or discover how individual students learn best. But the parent at home, who knows the child better than any teacher, can readily make adjustments to content, teaching strategy, or pace, as the child requires.

The final important advantage of homeschooling lies in the socialization children are able to receive. Homeschooled children are less subject to the stresses and pressures experienced by conventional students who spend six, seven, or eight hours a day with their peers. They are less likely to become involved with gangs or drugs. On the other hand, homeschooled children spend much more time in the company of appropriate role models: parents, other adults, and older siblings. In this environment, they are better able to learn from actual life situations, and how to interact with people of all ages. In particular, homeschooling fosters healthy family relationships because both children and their parents are able to play larger and more complete roles in one another’s lives.

If both parents work out of the home, care must be found for young children while the parents are away. Indeed, working parents may be unable to find the time to provide schooling for their children at all, and hiring a tutor to fill that role is an expensive proposition. Second, parents may be attacked for choosing what many people feel is an antisocial or elitist option—for thinking that their children are better than anyone else’s, for refusing to participate in an important social institution, or even for trying to destroy public schools by depriving them of students and funding. Third, not all parents will be comfortable in the role of teacher. They may not have the patience required, the basic knowledge of the material, or the energy to encourage and motivate their children when necessary.

Homeschooling is not a panacea for the institutional deficiencies found in American public schools; these can only be addressed through a large-scale restructuring of public education policies nationwide. Nevertheless, homeschooling offers a number of significant advantages to parents and children. And it works. Homeschooled children, on average, place in the 87th percentile on standardized exams—the national average is the 50th percentile—and have been admitted to all major universities and military academies in the country. Clearly, homeschooling is a serious, positive alternative for motivated parents and their children.

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The author’s description of a parent’s homeschooling role mentions the importance of parents

AnswerChoose the correct answer.Choose all that apply. Correct Partially correct Incorrect Don't Know

  1. A
    Correct Answer
    being trained to use appropriate teaching methods.
  2. B
    Correct Answer
    challenging children to work at increasingly higher levels.
  3. C
    Correct Answer
    modifying the instruction to suit the needs of the child
  4. D
    Correct Answer
    providing alternative opportunities for children to interact with their peers.
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